This case study will list the major causes of falls among the elderly. In completion of this case study, learners will be able to take a focused history from an elderly person or witness when a fall has taken place, perform a focused physical examination to help determine the cause of the fall, evaluate the complaint of “dizziness”, and perform basic strategies to prevent falls among the elderly.
In completion of this case study, learners will be able to use a systematic approach to assess the multifactorial etiologies that can contribute to acute mental status changes (i.e., delirium) in older adults, and understand how the under-recognition of delirium superimposed on dementia leads to potential deleterious outcomes for hospitalized adults. This case study covers the evidence-based strategies for assessing, preventing, and managing delirium in persons with dementia in the hospital setting. It also describes the system challenges that impact the quality of care for hospitalized older adults and its potential solutions.
In completion of this case study, learners will be able to use a systematic approach to assess memory impairment in older adults, formulate differential diagnosis for cognitive disorders of older adults, and design a management plan for cognitively impaired geriatric patients that considers the neuropathology, dementia complexity with comorbidities, and psycho-social planning needs.
This case study discusses the differential diagnosis that must be considered in patients presenting symptoms suggestive of Herpes Zoster, and first line management strategies for Herpes Zoster. After the completion of this case study, learners will be able to recognize patho-physiology, clinical presentation and physical findings of an older adult with Herpes Zoster.